Ancient Greek Sights

The Minoan civilization started its final decline after 1300 B.C. following new earthquakes and fires on the island. The next wave of settlers, the Dorian Greeks, destroyed Mycenae on the mainland and invaded Crete about 1100 B.C. They established an aristocratic form of rule. The famous Law Code of Gortyn, indicates the absolute authority of the rulers in all aspects of life.

Powerful cities like Praisos (in Lassithi), blended gradually Minoan and mainland Greek culture. Praisos maintained its own language (not deciphered yet) and remained powerful until the third century B. C.

The Greek city-states, such as LatoGortynPraisosItanos, Kydonia, Aptera and Knossos, were in constant strife among themselves, and civil wars raged continuously across the island. However, when a foreign enemy made advances, the island's people stood united. Despite this unity, the island fell to the Romans in 69 B.C.

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1 Ancient Harbour of Lissos
2 Ancient Falasarna
3 Ancient Kommos
4 Matala Beach and Caves
5 Ancient Site of Olous
6 First Byzantine Period Basilica in Itanos
7 Dikteon Andron Cave
8 Greek and Roman Remains in Lendas
9 Peak Sanctuary in Kato Simi
10 Ancient City of Driros
11 Cave of Trapeza
12 Acropolis of Gortyn
13 The Temple of Apollo Pythios in Gortyn
14 Church of Agios Ioasaf
15 The Panagia Spiliotisa Church in Agios Thomas
16 Ancient Greek Ruins in Aptera
17 The Temple of Asklipios in Lissos
18 Cave of Melidoni
19 Ideon Andron Cave
20 Itanos
21 Ancient City of Pressos
22 Ancient City of Lato
23 Ancient City of Elyros
24 Ancient Greek Site of Yrtakina
25 Ancient City of Sivritos
26 Ancient Greek Site of Lyttos
27 Ancient City of Rizinia
28 Ancient city of Lappa in Argiroupolis
29 Odion and Code of Gortyn
30 Hellenistic Remains in Eleftherna
31 The Monastery of Toplou
32 Menies (Diktinna)
33 Acropolis of Polirinia