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Crete TOURnet: Home Guida di Creta History of Crete Sub-Minoan and Hellenistic Era

Sub-Minoan and Hellenistic Era

L'antico trono o sedile nei pressi di Falàsarna
L'antico trono o sedile nei pressi di Falàsarna
Greek mainland tribes have migrated to Crete over the years. The form of writing in Knossos (Linear B) was later proved to be Greek language, although the symbols used for its writing are not Greek letters. The great Minoan civilization started its final decline after 1300 B.C. following new earthquakes and fires on the island.
The next wave of settlers, the Dorian Greeks, destroyed Mycenae on the mainland and invaded Crete about 1100 B.C. They established an aristocratic form of rule. Under the Dorians, Cretan society was divided into three social classes: the free citizens, those who submitted to the invaders; the landholders, those who kept their land and paid exorbitant taxes; and the slaves. The famous Law Code of Gortyn, indicates the absolute authority of the rulers in all aspects of life.
Minoan civilization still lived in isolated cities and villages, particularly in the eastern part of Crete. Cities like Karfi in the mountains of Lassithi were inhabited by Minoans calling themselves Eteocretans (true Cretans). Other powerful cities, like Praisos (in Lassithi), blended gradually Minoan and mainland Greek culture. Praisos maintained its own language (not deciphered yet) and remained powerful until the third century B. C.
For some time around the seventh century B.C., Crete once more became an important centre, but it declined again when the major emphasis of the Greek civilization was shifted to the centres of Athens, Sparta, and Macedonia.
The Greek city-states, such as Lato, Gortyn, Praisos, Itanos, Kydonia, Aptera and Knossos, were in constant strife among themselves, and civil wars raged continuously across the island. However, when a foreign enemy made advances, the island's people stood united. Despite this unity, the island fell to the Romans in 69 B.C.

Foto di Sub-Minoan and Hellenistic Era:


Il sito di Gortyn
Il sito di Gortyn
Il famoso Codice di Gortyn del V secolo a.C.
Il famoso Codice di Gortyn del V secolo a.C.
L'insediamento Eteocretan di Karfì, che domina l'Altipiano di Lassithi
L'insediamento Eteocretan di Karfì, che domina l'Altipiano di Lassithi
L'Agorà e la piazza centrale dell'antica Latò
L'Agorà e la piazza centrale dell'antica Latò
Il sito dell'antica Pressòs
Il sito dell'antica Pressòs
Il ponte di epoca ellenistica ad Elèftherna
Il ponte di epoca ellenistica ad Elèftherna
L'antico trono o sedile nei pressi di Falàsarna
L'antico trono o sedile nei pressi di Falàsarna