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Crete TOURnet: Home Путеводитель History of Crete Independence and Union with Greece

Independence and Union with Greece

The Naval Museum and the former Firkas Bastion, Chania
The Naval Museum and the former Firkas Bastion, Chania
In 1898 a Cretan government was set up in Crete with Prince George, the younger son of King George of Greece, as High Commissioner. However, the goal of most Cretans was unity with Greece. Angry reaction followed whenever the High Commissioner imposed restrictions on the people's freedoms or changed methods of administration.
This unquenchable revolutionary spirit led to the "Revolution of Therisos" in 1905. The leader was Eleftherios Venizelos who had fought in the earlier independence struggles and had become Minister of Justice to Prince George. The revolution was short-lived, but support for Venizelos was widespread enough to force the resignation of Prince George.
The Great Powers withdrew their forces from Crete, the post of High Commissioner was abolished and after elections Venizelos emerged as the leader. When the Military League of Athens came to power, Venizelos was asked to become Prime Minister of Greece.
Finally, in 1913, union with Greece was realised. Under the Treaty of London, Sultan Mohammed II relinquished his formal rights to the island. In December, the Greek flag was raised at the Firkas fortress in Chania, with Venizelos and King Constantine in attendance, and Crete was unified with mainland Greece.

Photos of Independence and Union with Greece:


The Firkas Bastion in the harbour of Chania
The Firkas Bastion in the harbour of Chania
Chania viewed from the Venizelos Graves, Akrotiri
Chania viewed from the Venizelos Graves, Akrotiri
The statue of Eleftherios Venizelos in front of the Dikastiria (Court House) in Chania
The statue of Eleftherios Venizelos in front of the Dikastiria (Court House) in Chania
The Naval Museum and the former Firkas Bastion, Chania
The Naval Museum and the former Firkas Bastion, Chania