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Crete Flora

Thyme
Thyme
Crete is the home of a rich variety of flora that contain, among many hundreds of others, 130 species of wild flowers and herbs which are unique to it. Among these are dictamo (Organium dictamus), an herb made famous by Aristotle for its medicinal value. Another unusual feature is an evergreen variety, Varietus cretica.
Spring is the best time to enjoy the flora of Crete, after the generous winter rainfall. The fields are ablaze with red poppies and the air is heavy with the scent of orange and lemon blossoms. Dry scrub predominates the landscape in the summer, and oleander and osier bloom in the ravines. During winter, anemones are abundant.
The rarest Cretan plants grow in the ravines or on the steep mountain slopes, such as in the Faragi Imbrou (Imbros Gorge), near the Kalergis Mountain Refuge, and on the Oropedio Spiliou. These include Ebenus cretica, Linum arboreum (flax), Campanula pelviformis (bellflower), Staechelina arborea, and Petromarcula arboreum. Plants flourishing on the plains and high peaks include: Tulipa bakeri and Tulipa saxalitis (tulips), Anchusa caespitosa (alkanet), Scabiosa alborincta and Scabiosa minoana (scabious). The Cretan palm (Phoenix theophrastii), unique in the world, grows along the beach at Vai. Rare plants found along the shore include: Pancratium maritime (sea daffodil), Centaurea pumilio (knapsweed), Anthemis tomentell and Anthemis filicaulis (chamomile).

Photos of Crete Flora:


Flora in Crete
Flora in Crete
Flora in Crete
Flora in Crete
Flora in Crete
Flora in Crete
Flora in Crete
Flora in Crete
Flora in Crete
Flora in Crete
Flora in Crete
Flora in Crete
Romulea bulbocodium
Romulea bulbocodium
Barium robertianum
Barium robertianum
Tordylium apulum
Tordylium apulum
Orchis papilionacea
Orchis papilionacea
Ophrys tenthredinifera
Ophrys tenthredinifera
Asphodelus aestivus
Asphodelus aestivus
Lavandula stoechas
Lavandula stoechas
Gynandriris sisyrinchium
Gynandriris sisyrinchium
Ophrys lutea
Ophrys lutea
Ophrys scolopax
Ophrys scolopax
Citus icanus
Citus icanus
Salvia sage
Salvia sage
Thyme
Thyme